CorAl – Are the point clouds Correctly Aligned?

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Daniel Adolfsson, Martin Magnusson, Qianfang Liao, Achim J. Lilienthal, and Henrik Andreasson.
CorAl – Are the point clouds Correctly Aligned?
Proceedings of the European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR)


In robotics perception, numerous tasks rely on point cloud registration. However, currently there is no method that can automatically detect misaligned point clouds reliably and without environment-specific parameters. We propose “CorAl”, an alignment quality measure and alignment classifier for point cloud pairs, which facilitates the ability to introspectively assess the performance of registration. CorAl compares the joint and the separate entropy of the two point clouds.
The separate entropy provides a measure of the entropy that can be expected to be inherent to the environment. The joint entropy should therefore not be substantially higher if the point clouds are properly aligned. Computing the expected entropy makes the method sensitive also to small alignment errors, which are particularly hard to detect, and applicable in a range of different environments. We found that CorAl is able to detect small alignment errors in previously unseen environments with an accuracy of 95% and achieve a substantial improvement to previous methods.


author = {Daniel Adolfsson and Martin Magnusson and Qianfang Liao and Achim J. Lilienthal and Henrik Andreasson},
booktitle = {European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR)},
date = {2021-09},
title = {{CorAl} -- Are the point clouds Correctly Aligned?},